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Jumat, 09 Maret 2012

Peringkat Inteligensi Negara Dunia Dari Teratas Hingga Terendah



Average IQ of Countries
The average IQ in the United States is usually set at 100. Groups within the US score different average IQ's, such as 115 for college grads or 85 for African-Americans. Similarly, average IQ varies from country to country, shown in the 2002 book IQ and the Wealth of Nations (sets Britain at 100):




Rank
Country
IQ estimate
1
 Hong Kong
107
2
 South Korea
106
3 ^
 Japan
105
4
 Taiwan
104
5
 Singapore
103
6 *
 Austria
102
6 ^
 Germany
102
6 **
 Italy
102
6 *
 Netherlands
102
10
 Sweden
101
10
 Switzerland
101
12
 Belgium
100
12 **
 China
100
12
 New Zealand
100
12 **
 United Kingdom
100
16
 Hungary
99
16
 Poland
99
16 **
 Spain
99
19
 Australia
98
19
 Denmark
98
19 *
 France
98
19
 Mongolia
98
19
 Norway
98
19 *
 United States
98
25
 Canada
97
25
 Czech Republic
97
25
 Finland
97
28
 Argentina
96
28 ^
 Russia
96
28
 Slovakia
96
28
 Uruguay
96
32 ^
 Portugal
95
32
 Slovenia
95
34
 Israel
94
34
 Romania
94
36
 Bulgaria
93
36
 Ireland
93
36 *
 Greece
93
39
 Malaysia
92
40
 Thailand
91
41
 Croatia
90
41 ^
 Peru
90
41 * *
 Turkey
90



44
 Colombia
89
44
 Indonesia
89
44
 Suriname
89
47
 Brazil
87
47 * *
 Iraq
87
47 ^
 Mexico
87
47
 Samoa
87
47
 Tonga
87
52 *
 Lebanon
86
52
 Philippines
86
54
 Cuba
85
54
 Morocco
85
56
 Fiji
84
56 *
 Iran
84
56
 Marshall Islands
84
56
 Puerto Rico
84
60 **
 Egypt
83
60
 Saudi Arabia
83
60
 United Arab Emirates
83
61 *
 India
81
62
 Ecuador
80
63
 Guatemala
79
64
 Barbados
78
64
 Nepal
78
64
 Qatar
78
67
 Zambia
77
68
 Congo
73
68
 Uganda
73
70
 Jamaica
72
70
 Kenya
72
70
 South Africa
72
70
 Sudan
72
70
 Tanzania
72
75
 Ghana
71
76
 Nigeria
67
77
 Guinea
66
77 ^
 Zimbabwe
66
79
 DemocraticRepublic of the Congo
65
80
 Sierra Leone
64
81
 Ethiopia
63
82
 Equatorial Guinea
59



Markingsnext to a rank means this area was a world leadiing civilization
*=once**=twice ^=near leading See:http://sq.4mg.com/AppA.htm
The top 5 nations above were also the top scorers (different order) in 8th grade math and science in 2003. The US ranked 15th in math and 9th in science. Details at http://timss.bc.edu/timss2003.html
See also how major nations' 15 year old school children scored in Math, Science, and Reading in PISA 2006 testing

Click for list of IQ, income per person, and corruption index for 127 nations,
Click for: - possible causes of IQ differences among nations
- a summary of what IQ is and how it is calculated The book's authors Lynn (psychology, U. of Ulster) and Vanhanen (political science, U. of Helsinki) analyzed 168 national IQ studies. They argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence. There is a similar pattern within the United States, where higher IQ states have higher incomes. On Lynn's website you can see:
the IQ data sources used for 60 countries (at http://www.rlynn.co.uk/pages/article_intelligence/7-a1.asp)
and IQs for 185 countries - some "Based on the IQs of Neighbouring or Other Comparable Countries" (at http://www rlynn.co.uk/pages/article_intelligence/t4.asp).
Comments by a reviewer: "This brilliantly conceived, superbly-written, path-breaking book, does for the global study of economic prosperity what Herrnstein and Murray's (1994) The Bell Curve did for the USA. IQ and the Wealth of Nations examines IQ scores and economic indicators in 185 nations. It shows that national differences in wealth are explained first, by the intelligence levels of the populations; second, by whether the countries have market or communist economies; and finally, by unique circumstances such as, in the case of Qatar, by sitting atop a sea of oil."(The information above is partly based on http://btobsearch.barnesandnoble.com/booksearch/isbnInquiry.asp?btob=Y&endeca=1&isbn=027597510X&itm=73)
Comments in a chat room Tue Feb 15 2005, referring to this webpage (from http://www.funtrivia.com/ubbthreads/showflat.php?Cat=0&Number=404203&an=0&page=0)
What I found interesting to ponder was the fact that the world's poorest countries were also the ones with the lowest IQ average, generally speaking. Does the fact that they have been poor for generations mean that their IQ average is low because they are poor or are they poor because they have a low IQ average? I found the figures to be presented in a non-racist manner myself, though if I have missed something please advise. The site itself is fascinating.
Given that most of the lower ones are African nations I wonder if poor nutrition through drought after drought would affect IQ overall. I guess that would come under your "been poor for generations mean that their IQ average is low" theory.
Factors other than IQ in economic success
Research shows that IQ accounts for only 1/3 or less of a person's income - within a country. Other big factors in income are a person's social skills and ambition, together sometimes called Emotional Intelligence.
While social skills have a major impact on a person's income within a country, they have little effect on national income. The reason? Research indicates that average social skills (SQ) scores show almost no differences among racial groups. Ambition may have a similar worldwide pattern. As a result. IQ becomes the main cause for national wealth differences. Click for more information on how IQ, social skills and ambition relate to national wealth.
============================
more on IQ and the Wealth of Nations (from: http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/sft.htm)
Graphs of IQ and Economic Success
The relationship between IQ and individual achievement is well known. No where is it better documented than in Herrnstein and Murray's The Bell Curve (Free Press, 1994). Lynn and Vanhanen have scaled this connection up to a national level. They expose a relationship between national wealth and IQ. You can see the relationship best in a graph (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Per capita GDP vs. national average IQ. The regression line is shown in red.. Notice how GDP is positively correlated to average IQ. The correlation coefficient is 0.733, IQ explaining 54 percent of the GDP variance. Values this large are rare in social science. In the social sciences, correlations of 0.2 are said to be "low," 0.4 are "moderate," and 0.6 are "high." So 0.73 is most impressive.A correlation coefficient (correlation for short) is a quantity that reflects the strength of association between two variables. Its values range from -1 to 1. If variables are independent of one another, their correlation is zero. If they are perfectly correlated their correlation is 1 or -1. Positive coefficients mean that one variable gets larger when the other gets larger, and negative correlation the opposite. The fraction of the variance explained by the independent variable is simply the square of the correlation coefficient. The regression line is the line that best fits the data.
For a list of all countries ranked by income per person in 2002, see http://www.worldfactsandfigures.com/gdp_country_desc.php
Explanation for some outlying points on the above graph:
South Africa is the world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium and diamonds. None of this has much to do with human resources. Barbados and Qatar have also been favored with wealth-producing assets. Barbadian economy is based mostly on tourism. Exceptional year-round climate combined with proximity to the US strengthens its economic base irrespective of IQ. Similarly, oil revenue accounts for Qatar's extraordinary GDP. Finally, with a market economy being necessary for prosperity, we find Communist China, with a mean IQ of 100, producing more like a country with a mean of 83. When the four outliers are removed, the correlation grows from 0.73 to 0.79. In this case, 62 percent of the remaining GDP variance is now explained by IQ.
Racial/ Ethnic Differences graphed:
In Figure 2 below, the data is divided into contributions from four groups: blacks, (European) whites, East Asians and "others," The "others" include Asian Indians, Latin Americans, Pacific Islanders, Middle Easterners, other Asians, etc. Many of these countries have racially or ethnically heterogeneous populations. The outliers (South Africa, Barbados, Qatar and China) are not included in the graph:

Figure 2. Per capita GDP by racial group. "White" here means European white; "East Asian" means the racially homogenous polities: Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Japan. IQs cluster by race.
East Asian points are off the graph's trend line
Taiwan, Japan, South Korea and Hong Kong, all with homogeneous populations, have the highest IQs reported here. We might therefore expect them to be among the wealthiest of nations. Their numbers, especially those of Taiwan and South Korea, however, tell another story. With average IQs of 104 and 106, respectively, per capita GDPs of about $13,000 seem much too low for Taiwan and South Korea.
Country average IQ and per person GDP ($13.000 for Taiwan)
Taiwan 104 13,000
South Korea 106 13,478
Hong Kong 107 20,763
Japan 105 23,257
The observations raise questions about East Asian achievement. IQ alone does not determine wealth. Perhaps East Asians are wanting in other attributes. Or, maybe there are aspects of Eastern culture that undercut creativity. These questions need to be investigated.
Go to: Causes of IQ differences among races and nations
Go to: low IQ is one cause of African poverty
Go to: Success of Nations - causes besides IQ
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